As part of the John Muir Award, we observed an animal. Our leader Ginny runs Pembrokeshire Hogspital so she kindly bought in two of the baby hedgehogs currently in her care for us to meet.
We watched Mace and Rocky Racoon. Ginny hand fed them and then let them help themselves to some more food. They ate a mixture of puppy food and water. They get really messy when they eat.
We then weighed them. Mace weighed 100g and Rocky Racoon weighed 132g.
After eating Rocky Racoon was ready to curl up for a nap. They are nocturnal creatures. He looks so cosy.
We made sketches of the hedgehogs for our files. The kids also drew them on the whiteboard (they love getting to write on the whiteboard).
We then had a look at their magnified prickles, which they moult. When under attack hedgehogs raise their prickles in all different directions making it very painful for predators to attack them. They feel quite soft when relaxed though. They use their moulted prickles for nest making. The spines are hollow, springy and flexible. They can have around 6000 spines.
We learnt some hedgehogs facts:
- They mainly live in woodlands (although many are now found in the bottoms of our gardens).
- They are nocturnal.
- They can live for 4-7 years.
- Most hedgehog species roll into a ball when threatened.
- They communicate through snuffles, grunts and squeaks.
- Their eyesight is poor, but they have a good sense of smell and hearing.
- They can have between 1 and 11 babies. A baby hedgehog is called a Hoglet.
- Hedgehogs give birth after around 30 days, their hoglets remain with them for 4-7 weeks. They are usually born in Spring but it varies around the country. There is a second litter in Autumn.
- Sadly, there are less than a million hedgehogs and they could be lost by 2025.
- 30% of the hedgehog population has been lost since 2002.
- Hedgehogs are declining at the same rate as tigers.
I was shocked to hear how hedgehogs are in decline. This is due to loss of habitat, poor hedgerow management, increase in roads and climate change. I know we have seen an increase in hedgehogs in our garden since the field and hedge was dug up to make way for the new school. Sadly the busy road will not help the hedgehogs either.
How you can help Hedgehog Rescues
Hedgehog Rescues all over the UK work hard to rescue and release hedgehogs back into the wild. Our local hedgehog rescue is Pembrokeshire Hogspital.
We can help them by donating:
- tins of meaty (not fishy) puppy food and dog food
- puppy milk
- sunflower seed hearts
- HiLife Moist Mince
- Spike’s Hedgehog Food
- old Newspapers
You can also help hedgehogs by making your garden a safe haven for them to live. We hope we can visit Pembrokeshire Hogspital one day- thanks for the hard work you do!